Approval of wind farms
The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, BSH) is responsible for the approval of offshore wind turbine installations located in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). In contrast, each single federated state is responsible for the approval of installations located within the 12 nautical mile perimeter. The federated states of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and of Schleswig-Holstein are competent for the Baltic Sea.
The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) designates the area that stretches from the edge of the coastal waters to 200 nautical miles from the so-called baseline. The basis for this is international maritime law. In the Baltic Sea, the German EEZ is adjacent to the EEZs of Denmark, Sweden and Poland. Within the scope of its jurisdiction, the coastal state can build artificial islands, installations and structures such as drilling platforms and is entitled to carry out scientific marine research. In Germany, the regulations set out in the Seeanlagenverordnung (Offshore Installations Ordinance) have to be respected.