The works on the grid connection Ostwind 2 of the two offshore wind farms Arcadis Ost 1 and Baltic Eagle in the Baltic Sea is progressing as scheduled. Specialized companies have now started using the so-called cable train for the three-kilometre-long onshore connection between the landing site at Greifswalder Bodden and the Lubmin substation. From 2023 on, the two wind farms with a capacity of 725 MW are expected to reliably generate electricity and feed it into the extra-high voltage grid of 50Hertz. The two windfarms Wikinger and Arkona with a capacity of 735 MW have been integrated via grid connection Ostwind 1 into the regular operation since the beginning of 2020.
"Our project Ostwind 2 is well on schedule and in budget. Together with Ostwind 1 it will enable us in a few years to transmit wind power for more than 1.5 million households from the Baltic Sea to the centres of consumption," says Stefan Kapferer, CEO of 50Hertz. "Good news, but we will need even more low-cost offshore wind energy as a significant contribution to the climate neutrality of Europe. The EU Commission's goal, that was announced today, to increase offshore wind capacity in the North and Baltic Seas to 300 GW by 2050 can only be achieved by exploiting the full potential from as many areas as possible."
According to Kapferer, in order to achieve the EU climate objectives, "climate protection at sea must be equally important in area development plans compared to research or maritime economy." If there is willingness to cooperate, it is possible to triple or at least double the currently installed wind energy capacity in the German Baltic Sea if the process is approached now due to the long planning periods.
After the Ostwind 2 project, 50Hertz plans to connect more wind farms in the sea area of northeast of Rügen to the grid. For the period after 2026 however, the official planning does not consider any further development of wind energy in the Baltic Sea.
Eighteen environmental and climate protection organisations, companies and associations that cooperate through the Renewables Grid Initiative (RGI) are also committed to the sustainable and consistent expansion of offshore wind energy. In a declaration published on Monday, this offshore coalition demands clear milestones for the years 2030, 2040 and 2050 as well as maritime spatial plans that go beyond the current six-year cycle. The signatories deman the distancing from parcelling out the sea basin according to individual types of use. Instead, the sea must be considered and preserved to a large extent as a unitary ecosystem. Wind farms at sea are already being built and operated in coordination with the requirements of nature and marine conservation. Among the signatories of the declaration are the environmental protection organisations Birdlife International, Naturschutzbund Deutschland (NABU), Climate Action Network Europe, Greenpeace and the World Wide Fund for Nature.
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