With the preparation of the planning approval procedure, the real precision work began, namely to factor the different conservation interests into the line plan. Taking local interests into account, the initial line plan was adjusted in 13 places in total. In Heinersdorf, for instance, the line's route was moved to the side of the existing wind farm facing away from the town, as suggested by local residents.
The planning approval procedure aims to achieve optimised routing through participation of so-called representatives of public interests, such as nature conservation authorities. In this respect, the planning tries to find a balance between citizen's interests and those of the environment. The planning authorities (for Brandenburg, this is the State Office for Mining, Geology and Raw Materials (LBGR)) ensure that all land owners affected by the construction project are consulted and that their objections are considered and weighed.
The surveyed corridor is 500 metres wide. The future overhead line route, however, will only have an average width of about 70 metres. This allows us to minimise the damage to settlements, natural areas and the landscape.
Compensation measures are always necessary when an infrastructure project impacts the environment. If trees need to be cut for a line route, the project developer shall compensate for this elsewhere.
For the Uckermark line, 50Hertz is currently planning about 70 of such compensation measures, included in the planning approval request. Furthermore, the State Office for Mining, Geology and Raw Materials (LBGR), in its capacity of planning authority, can later impose additional obligations in the planning approval decision.
The map shows the locations and nature of these measures. There are four different types: Firstly, there are gardening and landscaping measures, such as orchards. Secondly, in case of forest conversion and reforestation, it is important to provide reasonable compensation for unavoidable changes to the forest's resources. Monoculture is often replaced by mixed forests. Thirdly, there are measures to restore nature to previously developed areas, for instance by pulling down old buildings. Fourthly, existing overhead lines are decommissioned, erasing their interference with the landscape. To compensate for the 115-kilometre Uckermark line, some 110 kilometres of an existing 220 kV line are removed. This is complemented by other measures.
The route of the existing 220 kV overhead line already leads to Finow-Ost and the Brandenburg quarter of Eberswalde, fairly close to the built-up area. The new Uckermark line, with a high voltage level of 380 kV, should in principle be constructed on this existing route. There are only slight deviations in both residential areas, in order to create a greater distance between the route and the Buildings.
After discussions with the city of Eberswalde, 50Hertz declared in 2011 that it was willing to research the conditions for an alternative realisation as an underground cable over a stretch of two kilometres. In February 2012, given the legal situation and the result of the feasibility study, 50Hertz decided to maintain the planned overhead solution. Here, 50Hertz documents the studies presented by CONSULECTRA, a consulting firm based in Düsseldorf, in April and August 2011.